Rulers have come and gone,leaving behind a reflection of the rich cultures running in their craddling civilizations.
Delhi's most magnificent monument,The Red Fort was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1638 A.D. Enclosed in this glorious fort is Diwan-e-am,the hall meant for public audiences;Diwan-e-khas,where private audiences resided;Rang Mahal,the water cooled apartment for the royal ladies;The Pearl Mosque,a lovely ornate dream in white marble.
The Qutab Minar made up of red sandstone rising to the height of 72.5 meters is an architectural marvel of the 13th century.It was built by Qutub-ud-din Aibak,the first Muslim ruler of Delhi.Also a must is the visit to Ashoka Pillar dating back to the 5th century.Though made of iron it has withstood the weathers of time.A very interesting belief is assigned to the pillar - Stand with your back to the pillar,and if you can hold your hands around it,then make a wish and it will surely come true.Try it!
India Gate is a majestic high arch,42 meters high,built as a memorial to the Indian soldiers killed in world war I.On the walls of this splendid gateway the names of the heroic Indian soldiers have been engraved.Beneath it burns an eternal flame called the Amar Jyoti.From the base of the arch one can get a good view of the Rashtrapati Bhawan- the residential building of the President of India.
Circular shaped colonadded building houses the two Houses of Parliament-the Lok Sabha,comprising of the people's representatives and the Rajya Sabha,comprising of well known personalities from different walks of life.Its domed central hall is 90 feet in diameter.
Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in India and stands across the road from the Red Fort.Built in 1656,it is an eloquent reminder of the Mughal religious fervour.Its spacious courtyard holds thousands of the faithful who offer prayers.
On the banks of the river Yamuna is the Raj Ghatwhere the Father of the Nation,Mahatama Gandhiwas cremated in 1948.Gandhi Museum,near Raj Ghat houses many belongings of Gandhiji and the photographs depicting his life story.
Popularly known as Birla Mandir,it is a large Hindu temple built in 1938.People of all faith can enter and worship but one must walk barefoot into the courtyard and further on.
Jantar Mantaris an astronomical observatory with masonry instruments,built in 1724 by Jai Singh,the mathematician and astronomer king.The Samrat or Yantra supreme-the largest structure shaped like a right angled triangle is actually a huge sun dial;the other five instruments are intended to show the movements of sun,moon and other planets.
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